Soil Health Card (SHC)
Objectives of Soil Health Card Scheme :
- To issue soil health cards every 3 years, to all farmers of the country, so as to provide a basis to address nutrient deficiencies in fertilization practices.
- To strengthen functioning of Soil Testing Laboratories (STLs) through capacity building, involvement of agriculture students and effective linkage with Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)/ State Agricultural Universities (SAUs).
- To diagnose soil fertility related constraints with standardized procedures for sampling uniformly across states and analysis and design taluqa/ block level fertilizer recommendations in targeted districts.
- To develop and promote soil test based nutrient management in the districts for enhancing nutrient use efficiency.
- To build capacities of district and state level staff and of progressive farmers for promotion of nutrient management practices.
State currently has :
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
The broad objectives of PMKSY are:
- Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub district level water use plans).
- Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani).
- Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water through appropriate technologies and practices.
- Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent,
- Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop).
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices
- Ensure the integrated development of rainfed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of ground water, arresting runoff, providing livelihood options and other NRM activities.
- Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
- Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture, and
- Attract greater private investments in irrigation.
- This will in turn increase agricultural production and productivity and enhance farm income.
National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture
- To Make Agriculture productive, Sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient.
- To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility status.
- To optimized utilization of water resources through efficient water management.
- To conserve on farm water resources through appropriate resource conservation technologies.
- To develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders in the domain of climate change adaptation & mitigation measures.
- To pilot models in select blocks by mainstreaming rainfed technologies & leveraging resource.
- To establish an effective inter & intra Departmental/Ministerial Co-ordination for accomplishing key deliverables of NMSA.
NMSA is a conglomeration of 4(Four) components:
- Rainfed Area Development (RAD).
- On Farm Water Management (OFWM).
- Climate Change & Sustainable Agriculture- Monitoring, Modelling & Networking (CCSA-MMN). Out of them Agriculture Department is only dealing Rainfed Area Development component.
RAD (Rainfed Area Development):
The Rainfed Area Development component under NMSA is implemented in cluster basis with the following interventions of Integrated Farming System:
- Agro Based Farming System- Integrated farming of paddy, Maize, Millet & other cereal crops with horti. Crops, livestock, dairy, fishery etc along with RCT & value addition. Assistance @ Rs.25,000/- per Hectare is given.
- Horti. Based Farming System- Integrated farming of horti crops like fruits, vegetables with livestock, dairy, fishery, cereal crops etc along with RCT & value addition. Assistance @ Rs.25,000/- per Hectare is given.
- Dairy Based Farming System- Integrate farming of dairy animals with fodder crops, horti crops, cereal crops, livestock, fishery etc along with RCT & value addition. Assistance @ Rs.40,000/- per Hectare is given.
- Livestock Based Farming System- Integrated farming of Livestock like goatery, piggery, duckery, poultry with cereal crops, horti crops, dairy animals, fishery etc along with RCT & value addition. Assistance @ Rs.25,000/- per Hectare is given.
- Fishery Based Farming System- Integrated farming of fishery with horti crops, cereals crops, livestock, diary etc along with RCT & Value addition. Assistance @ Rs.25,000/- per Hectare is given.
Rashtriya Krishi Vikash Yojana (RKVY)
- To enhance the public investment in agriculture and allied sectors by increasing production and productivity.
- To implement the projects/schemes as per choice of the farmers at G.P. level on priority under Agriculture and allied activities.
- To minimize the gaps between resource requirement (RR) and resources available (RA).
- To change the mindset of the farmers from subsistence mode to commercialized of farming or rearing enhancing rural economy.
- To create/strengthen infrastructures need and marketing network of agriculture and allied sectors.
- Overall to achieve 4% annual growth rate in Agriculture and allied sectors during XIth five year plan.
The Ministry has issued revised RKVY guidelines for implementation of RKVY Project from the year 2014-2015 by sharing the fund under following component with fund sharing 90:10 ratio:
- 35% under Production Growth
- 35% under Infrastructure and Assets
- 20% under Special Schemes and
- 10% under Flexi programme
National Food Security Mission
- Increasing production of rice, wheat, pulses and coarse cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country;
- Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level; and
- Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers.
- New improved variety of paddy has been introduced in the State -– CAUR-1, MTU- 7029.
- Paddy, Pulses (Urd, Moong, Rajmah) & Course Cereals (Maize, Millet) production & productivity has been up scaled.
National Food Security Mission- Oil seeds & Oil Palm (NFSM- OS&OP)
National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) envisages increase in production of vegetable oils sourced from oilseeds, oil palm and TBOs from 7.06 million tonnes (average of 2007-08 to 2011-12) to 9.51 million tonnes by the end of Twelfth Plan (2016-17). The Mission is proposed to be implemented through three Mini Missions with specific target as detailed below:
MM I on Oil seeds: Achieve production of 35.51 million tones and productivity of 1328 kg/ha of oilseeds from the present average production & productivity of 28.93 million tonnes and 1081 kg/ha during the 11th Plan period respectively.
MM II on Oil Palm: Bring additional 1.25 lakh hectare area under oil palm cultivation through area expansion approach in the States including utilization of wastelands with increase in productivity of fresh fruit brunches (FFBs) from 4927 kg per ha to 15000 kg per ha.
MM III on TBOs (Tree borne Oil seeds): Enhance seed collection of TBOs from 9 lakh tones to 14 lakh tones and to augment elite planting materials for area expansion under waste land.
All interventions suitable for integrated farming system depending on the climatic conditions and natural resource base for optimizing farm returns in a sustainable manner have been included under NMOOP. The Mission imbibes the inputs delivery of existing programmes on oilseeds and oil palm and also restructures the interventions by inclusion/ deletion and rationalizing the subsidy thereon.
Initiatives undertaken under MM-I (Oil seeds):
- The components of the Annual Action Plan (AAP) under MM-I on Oilseeds are classified broadly in three categories namely Seed Components, Production Components and Transfer of Technology.
- Annual Oilseed crops viz., Mustard, sesame sunflower, soybean etc., are being taken.
Initiatives undertaken under MM-II (Oil Palm):
- An area of 1200 Ha. has been brought under Oil Palm cultivation since 2015-16.
- Regulation on Oil palm notified in the state as "the Arunachal Pradesh Oil Palm (Production & Processing) regulation 2014".
- Formation of Sate level advisory committee on Oil palm complete and notified.
- Potential zones for Oil Palm development in the State has been divided into 4 plantation/ Factory Zones viz.,
- Zone- I (Tirap, Changlang, Lohit, Tezu & Longding)
- Zone- II (Lower Dibang Valley)
- Zone- III (East Siang District)
- Zone-IV (Papum Pare, W/ Siang, L/ Subansiri & East Kameng).
- Currently, 3 Oil Palm developer & processor companies are engaged in Oil Palm development by a MoU with State Deptt. of Agriculture. Plantation/ Factory Zones under a buy-back guarantee of Fresh fruit Bunches (FFBs) these companies are:
- Zone- I : Shiva Sais Oil Palm Pvt. Ltd.
- Zone- II : 3F Agrotech Pvt Ltd.
- Zone- III : Ruchi Soya Industries Pvt. Ltd
- Zone-IV : Ruchi Soya Industries Pvt. Ltd
National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology
The Modified Extension Reforms Scheme was introduced in 2010 with the objective of strengthening the extension machinery and utilizing it for synergizing the interventions under these schemes under the umbrella of Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA).
NMAET has been envisaged as the next step towards this objective through the amalgamation of these schemes. National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) consists of 4 Sub Missions:
- Sub Mission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE)
- Sub-Mission on Seed and Planting Material (SMSP)
- Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)
- Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPP)
Sub-Mission on Agricultural Extension will focus on awareness creation and enhanced use of appropriate technologies in agriculture & allied sectors. Gains made in the past will be consolidated and strengthened through increased penetration of extension functionaries. Personnel trained under Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres Scheme (ACABC) and Diploma in Agriculture Extension Services for Input Dealers (DAESI) will also provide extension services to the farmers. Use of interactive and innovative methods of information dissemination like pico projectors, low cost films, handheld devices, mobile based services, Kisan Call Centres (KCCs) etc. is to be used and convergence brought among extension efforts under different programmes and schemes at village level through the institution of ATMA (Agriculture Technology Management Agency) and Block Technology Teams (BTTs).
Adoption of quality seeds is the most cost effective means for increasing agricultural production and productivity. The interventions included in the Sub-Mission will cover the entire gamut of seed chain from nucleus seed to supply to farmers for sowing and also to the major stakeholders in the seed chain and also provide for support for infrastructure to create an enabling environment for development of the Sector. SMSP also envisages strengthening of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Authority (PPV&FRA) in order to put in place an effective system for protection of plant varieties, rights of farmers and plant breeders and to encourage development of new varieties of plants.
There is a strong co-relation between farm power availability and agricultural productivity. Therefore, Sub- Mission on Agricultural Mechanization will focus on farm mechanization. The Sub-Mission will mainly cater to the needs of the small and marginal farmers through institutional arrangements such as custom hiring, mechanization of selected villages, subsidy for procurement of machines & equipments etc.
Sub-Mission on Plant Protection included in NMAET envisages increase in agricultural production by keeping the crop disease free using scientific and environment friendly techniques through promotion of Integrated Pest Management. Strengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach aims at this vital aspect of Plant Protection and also covers regulatory requirements of pesticides. The component on Strengthening & Modernization of Plant Quarantine facilities in India is regulatory in nature with the aim of preventing introduction and spread of exotic pests that are harmful to crops by regulating/restricting import of plant/plant products.
Soil Health Management (SHM)
SHM aims at promoting location as well as crop specific sustainable soil health management including residue management, organic farming practices by way of creating and linking soil fertility maps with macro-micro nutrient management, appropriate land use based on land capability, judicious application of fertilizers and minimizing the soil erosion. Assistance will be provided for various improved package of practices based on land use and soil characteristics, generated through geographical information system (GIS) based thematic maps and database on land and soil characteristics through extensive field level scientific surveys.
Currently under the scheme 5 nos. of static Soil testing Laboratories have been upgraded viz.,
- Kherem (Namsia Dist.),
- Bomdila (West Kameng Distt.),
- Naharlagun (Papum Pare Dist),
- Changlang &
The laboratories have the capacity of analysing both macro and micro nutrients.
Paramparagat Krish Vikas Yojana
- To organise/ conduct model organic cluster demonstrations at farmers' fields.
- To boost/ promote organic farming among rural youth/ farmers/ consumers/ traders
- To disseminate the latest technologies of organic farming in one or more clusters approved under PKVY.
- 14 organic clusters have been indentified to take up organic crop production in a large scale.
- PGS (Participatory Guarantee System) organic certification for farm produce for domestic market is being taken up.
National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A)
- Strengthening of IT apparatus in Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (Hqrs), Field Offices and Directorates of DAC
- Bringing farmer centricity & service orientation to the programs
- Enhancing reach & impact of extension services
- Improving access of farmers to information & services throughout crop-cycle
- Building upon, enhancing & integrating the existing ICT initiatives of Centre, and States
- Enhancing efficiency & effectiveness of programs through process redesign
- More effective management of schemes of DAC
- Promoting a common framework across states
The scheme is expected to bring the following benefits to the Stakeholders -– Farmers, business and Government(s):
- Provide uniform face of government to agriculture sector stakeholders (especially farmers)
- Service-level governed service delivery with built-in checks and balances to increase efficiency
- Streamlined processes which make Government efficient and effective for service delivery
- Integration of existing initiatives with new ones, thus creating sustainable balance of ICT
- Improved monitoring of compliance, MIS and utilization of public money
- The Project would make current service delivery mechanisms more efficient, transparent and accountable. Further, it would facilitate farmers to have easy accessibility to these services through multiple service delivery channels. The Project will also help the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) to optimise its costs in delivery of services to various stakeholders. The Project will generate efficiencies in the system and the benefits shall be realised immediately after implementation which will more than offset the total cost of the Project over a period of time.
Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCD)
To develop crop commodity specific organic value chain and address gaps in organic crop production, wild crop harvesting, organic livestock management and processing handling and marketing of organic agricultural products through:
- Developing crop specific organic production clusters with necessary infrastructural, technical and financial support
- By facilitating partnerships between farmers and organic businesses: Local enterprises and / or Farmer Producer Companies based on back-to-back long-term trade relations with clients in domestic and export markets.
- By providing enabling environment for project initiatives and development programs with necessary support for organic value chain development and create market access.
- To empower producers with program ownership by organizing them into FIGs with the final aim to federate into farmer producer organizations/ companies
- To replace conventional farming/subsistence farming system into local resource based, self sustainable, high value commercial organic enterprise
- Developing commodity specific commercial organic value chain under integrated and concentrated approach with end-to-end facilities for production, processing, storage and marketing
- Development of organic parks/ zones with facilities for collection, aggregation, value addition, processing, storage and market-linkages for specific commodities requiring capital intensive technology
- Develop NER products as brands/labels through brand building and facilitating stronger marketing access under the ownership of growers‟ organizations/ companies.
- 10 nos. Of FPCs (Farmer Producer Company) is being registered under Company's registration Act- 1956 for production and marketing of organic produce.
- About 4000 Farmers are involved in this programme.
- Primary/ secondary processing plant to be set up in the State for value addition of organic produce.
- Forward market linkage will be provided and is being worked upon.
- 3rd party organic certification for export is under process on priority.