Arunachal Pradesh is an Agrarian State where more than 70 percent population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. The State is gifted with enormous natural resources and suitable agro-climatic zones. Agriculture, therefore, continues to be central to all strategies for planned socio-economic development of the state. Rapid growth of Agriculture is essential not only to achieve self-reliance but also to ensure household food security and to bring about equity in distribution of income& wealth resulting in rapid reduction in poverty levels.
The State has a geographical area of 83743 Km2, inhabited by appx.1.4 million people (2011), became a full-fledged state on February 20,1987. Prior to this, till 1972, it was known as North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) and got Union Territory status on January,20,1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. Effective governance is provided through 22 districts covering 3863 villages.